In a study of the use of patient-directed music to reduce anxiety in individuals receiving ventilation support, the intervention was found to significantly reduce anxiety and lowered ICU care costs by over $2000 per patient versus usual care. This finding is significant in that it demonstrates a cost-effective alternative to pharmacologic interventions for reducing anxiety in mechanically ventilated patients.
Chlan LL, Heiderscheit A, Skaar DJ, Neidecker MV. Economic Evaluation of a Patient-Directed Music Intervention for ICU Patients Receiving Mechanical Ventilatory Support. Crit Care Med. 2018 May 4.. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 29727366