NINR-supported researchers explore and address some of the most important challenges affecting the health of the American people. The highlights below feature research accomplishments from the community of NINR-supported scientists across the United States.
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Over one-third of youth are considered overweight or obese, with minority and low-income youth at greatest risk for obesity and related diseases. Increasing physical activity levels has been shown to positively impact youth weight status, cardiorespiratory fitness, metabolic health, and body composition.
Prevention and Health Promotion, Social Determinants of Health
Having more nurses can increase patient safety and improve quality of care, yet hospitals often differ in the number of nurses they have per patient. A recent study, funded in part by NINR, examined variation in patient-to-nurse staffing in NY hospitals and its association with adverse outcomes (i.e., mortality and avoidable costs).
Systems and Models of Care
Researchers explored the association between return to work and mental health outcomes in Black men living and recovering from serious traumatic injuries in Philadelphia. The study, funded in part by NINR, found that men who did not return to work after a serious traumatic injury had almost three times the odds of poor mental health when compared to men who did return to work.
Severe maternal morbidity (SMM) has increased in the United States by 45% in the last decade. While the recurrence of several adverse pregnancy outcomes from one pregnancy to the next has been established, the recurrence risk of SMM is unknown.
Population and Community Health, Prevention and Health Promotion
Health Equity, Population and Community Health